Family and work life balancing guidelines 2023
Now a day’s most important for human being is to balance between family and work-life. There is a need to strike the right balance between family and personal life. Many people run after money and end up not being able to give time to themselves and their family. Such an unbalanced life can create disturbances in family and personal health.
The opposite form of this situation is also possible and that too is equally harmful. This second form is seen in those people who start spending all their energy only on family work. These people also forget to take care of their health. The next point is balanced behavior. If you want to say something, don’t speak in anger. First calm down and then speak up. This is extremely important for managing your relationships. If your mind is agitated, go for a walk. Living with nature helps in managing balance in livelihood & human behavior.
Importance of family and work life balancing
a) The changing social scene – One of the biggest challenges faced by the employees in today’s world is to maintain Family and work life balance. They have understood that their personal life affects their work. So they are trying hard to maintain a balance between the two.
b) Changing Work Culture Organizational work culture has changed a lot. – In today’s work culture, you can choose your working hours as per your convenience, provided your results and achievements are excellent. The workplace has become even more competitive as employees are always expected to give their best.
c) Increase in working hours (Effect of Globalization) – Due to globalization, organizations are working continuously 365 days a year and 24 hours a day, irrespective of their time zone. Although technology has increased the pace of work, but the work load remains the same.
d) Due to change in dual income family approach, work style and cultures – Family and work life balancing has deteriorated. Working mothers have major responsibilities of managing both home and workplace. This makes it all the more important to balance personal life and work.
Youth, Gender and Identity Challenges
Balancing professional and personal life in today’s competitive workplaces is challenging. With the recession putting pressure on professionals more than ever before and technology driving it 24 hours a day, it is more important than ever to achieve a Family and work life balancing.
It appears that the greater the labor force participation, the greater the number of single-parent families. The strength of families and emerging trends such as aged care are increasing over time. The situation becomes more serious due to globalization, aging population and Bay.
Concept of work and private life balancing
How do you balance work life and family life?
Family and work life balancing guidelines refers to balancing personal life with devoting time and energy to work. In the general sense, work is understood to mean work that is paid for, and personal life is understood to mean personal engagement with family demands, pursuit of interests, social life, etc.
The challenge of work and personal life balance revolves around balancing the following activities in one’s life:
> What a person is doing for his/her self-development, like exercising, participating in sports, maintaining a good healthy lifestyle with regular meals, adequate sleep etc.
> Good effective job performance and healthy interpersonal relationships at work place. Being useful to the family, taking care of the children and elderly members of the family, spending quality time with the family.
> Spending time in pleasurable activities with friends.
The people’s activities related to the person’s religious/spiritual and philosophical interests. Being good at work increases our self-esteem and social respect. Along with attending to all the other aspects listed above, our subjective well-being is improved.
Family and work life balancing is achieved in different ways by different people. One will worry about balancing the responsibilities of caring for children with work, while another may want to spend more time on themselves and engage in recreational activities.
Family and work life balancing as a satisfactory level of involvement or ‘appropriateness’ between the various roles in a person’s life. Work-personal life balance does not necessarily mean an equal balance between personal life and work. It is concerned with achieving a sense of harmony and happiness among different roles at different stages of life.
Family and work life balancing is a broad concept and can be defined as proper prioritization of the amount of time you spend on both “personal life” and “work” aspects. Work includes career and ambitions in the field of work/profession. Life includes family, friends, social relations, health, entertainment, pleasure, religious and spiritual aspects of a person. Following as –
1) Better industrial relations,
2) Health promoting activities,
3) Eco-friendly environment,
4) Housing and child care facilities, which he identified as employee welfare activities,
5) Safety and security concerns
6 ) Satisfaction with personal life,
7) Performance appraisal system
8) Scope for advancement and job satisfaction,
9) Economic incentives,
10) Social relations,
11) Recruitment and grievance redressal system and finally
12) Decision making system.
It explained that when organizations work on these functions, all these factors promote effective employee performance and provide Family and work life harmony, satisfaction and better performance. Other factors that contribute to family and work life balancing include job flexibility, meaning that when employees feel that they have the flexibility to work at a time and place of their choice, they are able to balance their work and family life and able to work for long hours.
It has been proposed that flexible working hours allow both work and family to spend quality time together because it reduces the stress of working long hours and saves time wasted in commuting. It is generally accepted that individuals do their best to balance their work and personal lives, and organizations have a greater responsibility to assist employees in this and create opportunities for them to balance work and family life.
It is always believed that there should be a humane approach at the workplace. And it should not be in any way prejudicial to human welfare. In the past decade, much research has been done to evaluate organizational culture as it helps employees balance their work-personal lives.
“Working Family Culture Statement Scale”
Examples of Test Statements of the Functioning Family Culture Scale
1) This organization supports employees who want to move to less responsible jobs due to family reasons.
2) It is normal to talk about family during work in this organization.
3) The employees in this organization manage and balance their work and family life easily.
4) The organization encourages employees to set a boundary where work ends and family life begins.
It defies similar results in study on employees. Which found a significant effect of Family and work life balancing on citizenship behavior.
Family and work life balancing and its challenges
The consequences arising out of Family and work life balancing can be classified into four main categories:
psychological consequences, social consequences, organizational results, physical consequences.
a) Frustration: When a person fails to meet the goals related to work and the goals set at the personal level, it leads to frustration.
b) Stress: constant pressure of unfinished tasks on the domestic and work front, excessive
The burden creates tension in the person.
c) Anxiety: The person is preoccupied with the irrational fear of what will happen if I am unable to do this or achieve the goal. Due to this he suffers from anxiety.
d) Depression: Persistent gnawing feelings of unfulfilled tasks, unachieved goals
Affects self-esteem, which eventually leads to depression.
Social Consequences – Role of life and well-being has focused on the study of conflict over work-personal life balance and their impact on psychological well-being of work, family/friendships, fun/recreation etc. Accordingly non-work roles such as family/friendship and fun/recreational roles have important contributions in promoting psychological well-being of the individual. Planning and methods based on work roles also have a positive effect on leisure satisfaction.
Work-family conflict – When work conflicts with family responsibilities or family responsibilities interfere with work, it is known as work-family conflict. Few study examined the relationship between work family conflict, family work conflict, and employee engagement in three public and private sector organizations. An in-depth study on intentions to change jobs. Deep study states a positive but non-significant relationship between work family conflict, family work conflict and employees’ intention to change jobs. Work-personal-life conflict and work-family interference or interference with family functioning is negatively related to job satisfaction.
Impact of work and family life balancing performance
Low level of performance: As a result of work personal life imbalance, the performance level of the employees goes down. Employees perform far below their actual potential due to stress and fatigue. This is due to excessive thinking about unattainable goals and problems, which affects their concentration and focus. They try to balance both work and personal life, but fail and reach a state of despair and are unable to perform to their full potential in their profession.
Lack of job satisfaction and organizational commitment: Due to Family and work life imbalance, one is not satisfied with the job. Once the employees are not satisfied with their job, they start losing interest in the job and the organization. This affects their commitment to the organization.
Lack of Family and work life balancing and its consequent long-lasting psychological problems lead to various physical ailments. The most common of these are tension headache, migraine, blood pressure, diabetes etc. Apart from this, many working women these days are also facing polycystic ovaries, fertility issues. Men are also affected by muscle pain and fertility issues.
Resolving the challenges of work and family life balancing
Organizations and workplaces should actively work to help employees achieve Family and work life balancing. A leading global human resource consultancy organization, in its Country Report, states that Family and work life balance is the second most important value based on which employees assess their potential workplaces. Nearly a huge number of the respondents in the survey consider this to be an important value. Interestingly, in a survey of Country reported this as the third most important value by which employees assess their potential locations.
To improve Family and work life balance, extensive research has been done to identify various factors that can be worked upon to improve work-life balance. Much of this research talks about factors that are within the control of organizations and that they can work on to improve the Family and work life balance of their employees. Personal and work related factors play a very important role in work personal life balance. Highlighted factors such as management policies, work arrangements, family support, health and cultural factors, working hours, managerial support.
Study on work personal life balance of married employees with special reference to the factors affecting work family conflict and family work conflict. Done on few working married employees of age Went. All studies show that organizational support to maintain work-life balance reduces work-personal-life conflict of employees and increases job satisfaction.
The worst effect of work-family imbalance is on families
The family is often overlooked when individuals struggle with time to achieve organizational goals. In the last decades there has been a huge increase in the breakdown of families and the number of divorces. Dual earning husband and wife are not able to spend enough time with each other due to lack of time due to work. High stress and fatigue is affecting the fertility level of the young couple. Single parent families are on the rise due to family disputes and fighting.
To solve the issues related to stress in their organization and family, employees sometimes tend to adopt unethical practices like drinking, smoking, drugs, inappropriate relationships like work place romance etc., and with this There is also a high possibility that the employee will not work To accomplish by any means may resort to unfair means.
Employees start living as if they are physically at home but their mind is lost in work. It also affects their personal life For example, if one is facing a difficult situation, his or her irritable behavior may reflect in the family. Due to which there can be many negative effects on family life.
Home Care for Elderly
Family and work life imbalance most negatively affects the elderly who are in need of care. As India is facing an aging population, working couples need to balance their home and work responsibilities in such a way that they can meet the emerging need for home care for the elderly.
Family and work life balancing with organizational citizenship behavioral
It is observed that when employees have better work personal life balance, they engage in more supportive behavior towards their co-workers and the organization. As a whole study that work personal life benefits provided by the organization lead to positive emotion among employees and result in an increase in the frequency of helping behavior.
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