Promote hygiene practices and health education among children
Nutritious food is an important cornerstone of health. Therefore, to meet the needs of the body, the food should have the proper amount of essential nutrients. Nutrient excess and deficiency — both are equally harmful and have long-lasting adverse effects on personal, family, and community health. Thus, it is important to relate the issue effectively and make the community aware of the importance of good health and optimal nutrition.
Good nutrition, regular physical activity and adequate sleep are essential rules of a healthy life. A holistic approach is needed to promote the concept of optimal nutrition across the nation. The problems of malnutrition, micronutrient deficiency, obesity and non-infectious diseases related to diet are increasing continuously around the world. I am also sharing few common illness/sickness and initial treatment, which may help to provide initial first-aid. Energy / nutritional imbalance can result in physical and cognitive development, side effects on morbidity mortality as well as multilateral loss of human capacity and thus affect social / economic development. Much depends on mental health in childhood and later on adequate satisfaction of our basics or basic needs.
These are physical as well as emotional or psychological. To meet physical needs, as “relieve hunger, thirst, fatigue, lack of sleep, physical pain, exercise, heat or cold and some stresses in the body that should be relieved. “Psychological or emotional needs are also called ‘ego needs’ which must be satisfied to maintain the ‘self esteem and respect’. They are as important as biological needs.
There are two main needs. First of all, we need a sense of security ideas about love and affection for those who are important in life as – our children, friends and our fellow. Everybody need to have a warm and satisfying relationship with other in society. Due to changes with social / economic / industrial lifestyle and development, there has been a tremendous change in the pattern of communicable to non-communicable diseases. In addition, inequality in social justice / equity promotes existing concerns.
Due to various factors, the treatment of these diseases remains inaccessible to the common people and their diagnosis has also often been seen to decrease. In the present case, a shift from a preventive approach to a therapeutic approach is necessary at the individual-level as well as the population-level. In order to address the health determinants of NCDs (non-communicable diseases), there is a need to create a healthy diet / environment for all regions and it is also the most effective way to meet the challenges. Rituals and it’s effect on child mentality during development is supportive strategy. Furthermore, by adopting a health promotion approach, it is envisaged that it empowers the population to choose well-informed and appropriate health-related options.
Activities for promoting hygiene and sanitation
Time is needed to adopt an effective communication strategy to raise awareness and create greater community engagement using appropriately available health policies as well as locally available resources / new technologies. Research has shown health promotion and nutrition interventions to be highly effective in addressing various social, economic and environmental determinants of health.
It is necessary to use media effectively to create awareness to influence nutrition / health related behavior of the people in mainly countries. The goal of ‘Health and nutrition for all’ is to achieve the highest possible level of good health / well-being and good nutrition. Early childhood care and education should be such that it can meet the needs of children such as safety, food, health care, as well as providing them opportunities for affection, protection, motivation and learning.
High quality early childhood care and education ensures that children can develop their full potential and grow up to become productive human beings. In addition, early childhood care and education programs have become a relevant issue due to factors such as changing family structure from joint family to nuclear family, migration and increasing number of women going out of home and going to work.
It is imperative that mainly take proper care of their children during their early age. This should be done not only for economic reasons but also from the perspective of social justice and human rights, because every child has the right to be properly looked after.
Research on health and hygiene
According to the research paper presented of a state in India is basically a study of the governmental and non-governmental efforts made to make a district open defecation free. Construction of toilets in villages and their continued use was a major challenge, Many innovative experiments were done to overcome this challenge. Through this research and study cleanliness is a social issue to which every section of society and every community is directly and indirectly connected.
There is a direct connection between cleanliness and health. Utilization of unhygienic drinking water, non-proper disposal of human excreta, lack of proper sanitation for the environment, and lack of self and food hygiene have been the main causes of diseases in few states in India. Open defecation is an old practice in rural areas. There is a lack of information about the difference between cleanliness and health among people.
Studies show that 80 percent of diseases are caused by malnutrition. Millions of viruses and bacteria found in feces enter in human body by various means and make them sick. Apart from this, women, elderly and children have to face the most difficulties in the absence of toilets. Groups of females should be constantly encouraged for cleanliness sustainability. Childproofing home and environment is must for healthy child growth.
Incentives to be given to keep monitoring teams active and continue following, Many people stated that it is good effort, which is also supportive in improving the health criteria of below poverty line household, 10 percent people said that it is a normal effort. Efforts made for “open defecation free” The door-to-door contact campaign by paid workers working in schools, an accredited social health activist and other similar women groups was considered by around 76 % of the people as done the most praised effort.
Health education on personal hygiene
The best possibilities to create a such movement, must involves mass media including social media to generate public awareness. The easy and successful strategy of health education system is to show the components of optimum diet.
- An online retailer promoting a healthy diet.
- Online quizzes to raise awareness about appropriate nutrition.
- Training for frontline healthcare officers
- In addition, food and nutrition-related education in the school / college environment encourages children, adolescents, school staff, and communities to develop healthy eating habits and other positive health and optimal nutrition-related behaviors, as well as improve the learning experiences.
According to research which is also in practice, Is important to use a combination of focused educational-strategies that involve the active participation of students, school / college staff, and the wider community. To ensure a defined role of health / nutrition in the national education system, appropriate guidance should be established at the national level to implement a health-oriented, food / nutrition curriculum.
However, the school curriculum should be prioritized according to the local scenario, availability of resources and needs of the people. As per current situation parent also should be aware about – List of Common illness/sickness and initial treatment. Health, food and nutrition education can provide innumerable benefits. Researchers have documented widespread positive effects of intake of micronutrients in obesity prevention. Further as by linking the curriculum to local food cultures, biodiversity, elements of cultural preservation and environmental sustainability can be effectively incorporated into a more integrated approach.
Linking food and nutrition education to school might also helps students and their families experience, also mark it as important parts of the curriculum, such as how to eat diverse nutritious foods, incorporate local food practices / cultures, and develop locally To obtain the use and benefits of food items. Developing nations including India are currently facing serious health-related problems on both ends of the nutrition-spectrum of double burden of malnutrition.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) malnutrition ( kuposhan ) refers to deficiencies, increases, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and / or nutrients. On the one hand, millions of people are suffering from non-communicable diseases due to excessive or unbalanced diet and are also facing huge expenses on preventing obesity and treating non-communicable patients (NCDs) related to diet.
On the other hand, many countries are still struggling to feed the population. According to the 2019 Global Hunger Index, India ranks 102nd out of 117 eligible countries. According to Article 47 of the Constitution, it is the duty of the state to improve nutrition level, standard of living and public health.
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