Promote hygiene practices and health education among children
Nutritious food is an important cornerstone of health. Therefore, to meet the needs of the body, the food should have the proper amount of essential nutrients. Nutrient excess and deficiency — both are equally harmful and have long-lasting adverse effects on personal, family, and community health. Thus, it is important to relate the issue effectively and make the community aware of the importance of good health and optimal nutrition.
Good nutrition, regular physical activity and adequate sleep are essential rules of a healthy life. A holistic approach is needed to promote the concept of optimal nutrition across the nation. The problems of malnutrition, micronutrient deficiency, obesity and non-infectious diseases related to diet are increasing continuously around the world. I am also sharing few common illness/sickness and initial treatment, which may help to provide initial first-aid. Energy / nutritional imbalance can result in physical and cognitive development, side effects on morbidity mortality as well as multilateral loss of human capacity and thus affect social / economic development. Much depends on mental health in childhood and later on adequate satisfaction of our basics or basic needs.
These are physical as well as emotional or psychological. To meet physical needs, as “relieve hunger, thirst, fatigue, lack of sleep, physical pain, exercise, heat or cold and some stresses in the body that should be relieved. “Psychological or emotional needs are also called ‘ego needs’ which must be satisfied to maintain the ‘self esteem and respect’. They are as important as biological needs.
There are two main needs. First of all, we need a sense of security ideas about love and affection for those who are important in life as – our children, friends and our fellow. Everybody need to have a warm and satisfying relationship with other in society. Due to changes with social / economic / industrial lifestyle and development, there has been a tremendous change in the pattern of communicable to non-communicable diseases. In addition, inequality in social justice / equity promotes existing concerns.
Due to various factors, the treatment of these diseases remains inaccessible to the common people and their diagnosis has also often been seen to decrease. In the present case, a shift from a preventive approach to a therapeutic approach is necessary at the individual-level as well as the population-level. In order to address the health determinants of NCDs (non-communicable diseases), there is a need to create a healthy diet / environment for all regions and it is also the most effective way to meet the challenges. Rituals and it’s effect on child mentality during development is supportive strategy. Furthermore, by adopting a health promotion approach, it is envisaged that it empowers the population to choose well-informed and appropriate health-related options.
Activities for promoting hygiene and sanitation
Time is needed to adopt an effective communication strategy to raise awareness and create greater community engagement using appropriately available health policies as well as locally available resources / new technologies. Research has shown health promotion and nutrition interventions to be highly effective in addressing various social, economic and environmental determinants of health.
It is necessary to use media effectively to create awareness to influence nutrition / health related behavior of the people in mainly countries. The goal of ‘Health and nutrition for all’ is to achieve the highest possible level of good health / well-being and good nutrition. Early childhood care and education should be such that it can meet the needs of children such as safety, food, health care, as well as providing them opportunities for affection, protection, motivation and learning.
High quality early childhood care and education ensures that children can develop their full potential and grow up to become productive human beings. In addition, early childhood care and education programs have become a relevant issue due to factors such as changing family structure from joint family to nuclear family, migration and increasing number of women going out of home and going to work.
It is imperative that mainly take proper care of their children during their early age. This should be done not only for economic reasons but also from the perspective of social justice and human rights, because every child has the right to be properly looked after.
Research on health and hygiene
According to the research paper presented of a state in India is basically a study of the governmental and non-governmental efforts made to make a district open defecation free. Construction of toilets in villages and their continued use was a major challenge, Many innovative experiments were done to overcome this challenge. Through this research and study cleanliness is a social issue to which every section of society and every community is directly and indirectly connected.
There is a direct connection between cleanliness and health. Utilization of unhygienic drinking water, non-proper disposal of human excreta, lack of proper sanitation for the environment, and lack of self and food hygiene have been the main causes of diseases in few states in India. Open defecation is an old practice in rural areas. There is a lack of information about the difference between cleanliness and health among people.
Studies show that 80 percent of diseases are caused by malnutrition. Millions of viruses and bacteria found in feces enter in human body by various means and make them sick. Apart from this, women, elderly and children have to face the most difficulties in the absence of toilets. Groups of females should be constantly encouraged for cleanliness sustainability. Childproofing home and environment is must for healthy child growth.
Incentives to be given to keep monitoring teams active and continue following, Many people stated that it is good effort, which is also supportive in improving the health criteria of below poverty line household, 10 percent people said that it is a normal effort. Efforts made for “open defecation free” The door-to-door contact campaign by paid workers working in schools, an accredited social health activist and other similar women groups was considered by around 76 % of the people as done the most praised effort.
Health education on personal hygiene
The best possibilities to create a such movement, must involves mass media including social media to generate public awareness. The easy and successful strategy of health education system is to show the components of optimum diet.
- An online retailer promoting a healthy diet.
- Online quizzes to raise awareness about appropriate nutrition.
- Training for frontline healthcare officers
- In addition, food and nutrition-related education in the school / college environment encourages children, adolescents, school staff, and communities to develop healthy eating habits and other positive health and optimal nutrition-related behaviors, as well as improve the learning experiences.
According to research which is also in practice, Is important to use a combination of focused educational-strategies that involve the active participation of students, school / college staff, and the wider community. To ensure a defined role of health / nutrition in the national education system, appropriate guidance should be established at the national level to implement a health-oriented, food / nutrition curriculum.
However, the school curriculum should be prioritized according to the local scenario, availability of resources and needs of the people. As per current situation parent also should be aware about – List of Common illness/sickness and initial treatment. Health, food and nutrition education can provide innumerable benefits. Researchers have documented widespread positive effects of intake of micronutrients in obesity prevention. Further as by linking the curriculum to local food cultures, biodiversity, elements of cultural preservation and environmental sustainability can be effectively incorporated into a more integrated approach.
Linking food and nutrition education to school might also helps students and their families experience, also mark it as important parts of the curriculum, such as how to eat diverse nutritious foods, incorporate local food practices / cultures, and develop locally To obtain the use and benefits of food items. Developing nations including India are currently facing serious health-related problems on both ends of the nutrition-spectrum of double burden of malnutrition.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) malnutrition ( kuposhan ) refers to deficiencies, increases, or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and / or nutrients. On the one hand, millions of people are suffering from non-communicable diseases due to excessive or unbalanced diet and are also facing huge expenses on preventing obesity and treating non-communicable patients (NCDs) related to diet.
On the other hand, many countries are still struggling to feed the population. According to the 2019 Global Hunger Index, India ranks 102nd out of 117 eligible countries. According to Article 47 of the Constitution, it is the duty of the state to improve nutrition level, standard of living and public health.
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Tips New born baby (infant) care after birth
Don’t worry if you don’t feel overwhelming love for your infant immediately. It often takes time, perhaps months, for real parental love to develop. Relax and enjoy the developing bond between you and your baby. Despite the newness of caring for your first baby, it won’t take you long to become an old hand at baby care. Babies don’t arrive with attached instructions, but they do express their needs loud and clear.
Luckily, they don’t realize that everything you do is just as new for you as it is for them. Having a baby is like entering a long tunnel. You can’t see the end and you wonder what you’ve gotten yourself into. You emerge five years later having had less sleep than you might have wished, but thinking it wasn’t that tough after all. T
he difficult days become difficult to remember. The relationship between mother and child is priceless. No one can know this relationship better than mother. Initially, baby should be taken care very carefully. When the child cries, general prediction is that he is suffering from something, but it isn’t so. While taking care of your newborn baby, pay special attention to few things as –
- Baby’s cry
- Massage of the child
- Feeding the baby
- Bathing the baby
- Hygienically cleaning baby clothes
- Health and safety
- Breastfeeding the baby
- Baby skin care essentials
Adjusting to life with new born
- Turn the telephone ringer off when you don’t want to hear it, or disconnect the phone if it doesn’t have a ringer switch.
- Use paper plates and cups to minimize housework, or have your helpers do the dishes. This is not the time to prove you can do it all and that nothing has changed.
- Put an extension phone in your baby’s room, or carry a cordless phone while taking care of your child.
- Buy or make a “Do Not Disturb” sign, and hang it on your front door whenever. Or create a personalized sign such as “Ssssh! Baby and Mommy are Resting!”
- To avoid answering the phone when you don’t want to, record the details of your baby’s birth on your telephone answering machine or voice messaging service. You may wish to add the best time to call. (You should be sleeping when your baby is.)
- Get support from friends and relatives who’ve had babies, or become involved in community parent groups.
- Make an effort to create “parents only” time each day (a late dinner after your baby goes to bed, a walk around the block while a friend or relative watches your baby, a five-minute telephone call during the day, and so on).
Newborn baby care after birth
Immediately after the birth of your baby, first consult the feeding expert and understand how to feed the newborn. Elderly people can also help you on what to take care of while breastfeeding. Keep the newborn away from more people as there is a risk of infection. When touching a newborn baby, make sure that hands should be always clean because the immune system of the young child is very weak. Holding the baby with dirty hands may be infectious.
Do not move your baby too hard, it can cause brain bleeding. If you need to wake the baby up, do not shake. While caring for a newborn baby, remember to keep the baby close to mother because baby gets heat from the mother’s body. During New Born Baby Care Tips, keep in mind that the baby should not be fed water in the first 6 months. It is a misconception among people that children feel thirsty even after breastfeeding.
The infant should be fed breast milk within the half hour of birth. The mother’s first yellow milk, called colostrum, gives the baby the power to fight many diseases. For six months after birth, mother’s milk is the only food for the baby. Breastfed babies develop well for the first six months. They are protected from infection. In addition to mother’s milk, children above six months should also be fed upper diet. Immediately after birth, the infant should be given polio medication along with BCG and hepatitis vaccine.
1 year baby care tips
All newborns should be massaged with baby massage oil. This strengthens the baby’s muscles and bones. While massaging, keep in mind that massage with light hands only. The first few weeks after the birth of the baby, they should be well wrapped in cloth. Swallowing is called wrapping your baby in a cloth. Swaddling provides warmth, protection and comfort to newborns.
First of all, spread a thick towel and fold one corner slightly upwards.
After that lay the baby’s head on the folded part. Then fold the cloth on both sides and wrap the child.
Tuck the bottom cloth directly into the straightness of the baby’s mouth by folding it comfortably. (See third and fourth photos)
Remember do not tie the clothes too tight as it will make it difficult for the baby’s legs to stretch.
While discussing about – New born Baby (infant) Care – as follows the birth of a baby, it’s important to remember that everyone has adjustments to make. If it’s your first child, you’ll have new rules to try out if you have another children, than caring seems little easy. Along with the excitement and pride, stress and fatigue also begins. You’re apt to demand a great deal of yourself, which can take its toll on those around you. Take care of your personal needs so you can help others take care of theirs. Be especially good to your partner during this time, and put off your big decisions, if possible.
Baby care tips for new moms
- After bathing, gently dab the tender area with a soft towel, or use a hair dryer.
- Get a robe that buttons all the way down the front. It’ll be easier to get in to and out of than one that opens only part way down.
- Protect your incision while nursing by putting a regular pillow or a C-shaped pillow in your lap, or by putting your arm underneath your baby and holding baby’s head at your breast.
- Stay in bed as much as you can. Keep your baby in a bassinet or crib near your bed, and keep a good supply of diapers and baby clothes nearby.
- Try making a play pen of your bed if you must care for a toddler, too. Keep plenty of toys and books within reach.
Abdominal pain and hard stomach after C-section
- Don’t vacuum for a couple of months. The movements involved are hard on abdominal muscles. (It’s a good job for a father, partner or other family member.)
- Many mothers claim that rocking in a chair an hour more each day relieves abdominal discomfort and intestinal gas.
- Avoid bending down when dressing or changing your baby. Use an elevated changing table instead of a bed or other lower surface.
- Use your foot as a lever to raise your toddler off the floor when you’re in a chair or bed, instead of learning down to pick your child up.
- Avoid holding your baby in one arm while doing things around the house, until your muscles are stronger if your baby is fussy and wants attention, consider a mechanical baby swing.
Postnatal health education for mothers
- Get a robe that buttons all the way down front. It’ll be easier to get in to and out of than one that opens only part way down the front. It’ll be easier to get in to and out of than one that opens only part way down.
- Wear comfortable, protective underwear to keep lose clothing from rubbing against your incision, unless loose clothing alone is not irritating.
- After bathing, gently dab the tender area with a soft towel, or use a hair dryer.
- Protect your incision while nursing by putting a regular pillow or a C-shaped pillow in your lap, or by putting your arm underneath your baby and holding her head at your breast.
- try making a playpen of your bed if you must care for a toddler, too. Keep plenty of toys and books within reach.
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Few ways to make your child feel loved and valued
Parents who want their children to develop high self-esteem make a point of treating them with respect and courtesy. They don’t reserve “please,” Thank you,” and “I’m sorry” for adults. They don’t belittling their children, and they correct or punish them when they can, to help their kids save face. And they advice, “Don’t take it all too seriously. No single incident will shape your child’s character!”
Increasing children often have a profound influence on television and movies, this age is such. They will have to realise that apart from the opposite sex, also parents, brother and sister. They have to explain with love it’s extending in the growing age is only physical attraction, not enduring affection.
This is where the real intuition and reconciliation between the two begin. If you can not explain your point to the child properly and you are sticking to the rules, then there can be trouble. At this age children want to live by their own will and they can not tolerate parental control.
By Deed of conveyance
- Keep a running list on the refrigerator door of positive things your child has done that day. Read the list at bedtime to help your child feel good about herself before going to sleep.
- Share baby record books and photo albums with your older children, so they enjoy their growth and development.
- Let your kids entertain you with plays they make up. Give them wooden or mixing beaters to use as microphones,”and prepare to clap a lot as they ham it up!
- Create an impression! Cut around your child’s hand in cookie dough to make handprint cookies, or make a large picture by tracing an outline of your child’s body on paper or cardboard and then cutting it out.
- Keep a “baby” drawer or box for archiving anecdotes and keepsakes from your child’s life. Add to it as often as you like, including the letter you wrote to your unborn child while you were pregnant. The drawer or box may also serve as a place to store your child’s as she grows older. Going through the box once or twice a year will be fun for all!
- Keep a joint diary with your child. Have her contribute to the content and provide illustrations wherever she likes. Cover the pages with clear contact paper to preserve them. Occasionally read a page or two to your child at bedtime.
- Tape-record your child’s voice while she’s singing, reciting, or taking with you. Play t back for your child, expressing your delight at her verbal skills.
Making children feel special by word
- Use your child’s name often in conversation, and use nick names only if your child like’s them. Use your child’s name in other ways, too (wooden letters on the wall of your child’s room, magnetic letters on the refrigerator, a sign on door, a puzzle, a homemade place mat and so on.
- Designate a special song for each member of the family. Making up your own words can make it even more special.
- Share a special secret with each child it could be a middle child secret (if both parent and child qualify) or a code word that no one else knows.
- Tell your child to give himself a pat on the back for something done well.(Children need to learn to affirm themselves, since parents won’t always be there to do it.)
Specials for fathers
In spite of the facts that dada is one of the first words a baby learns (often inspired by mom, who wants to make dad feel good), fathers often spend comparatively less time with their children when they’re small. Today more and more fathers are finding that they want to have a meaningful influence on their children’s lives, and many have developed specials things to do.
- Take advantage of your natural inclination to get down on the floor play can be special father-child time.
- Share your morning shave time with your child. Make a shaving cream beard on your child’s face, and have your child (girl or boy) shave it off with a plastic spoon or an old credit card that’s been cut into the shape of a razor.
- Write down your feelings periodically about being a parent and about how you see your children. You’ll like looking back on your writings, and so will your children when they’re old enough.
- Visit your parents with one child at a time, leaving your partner and other children at home. It’s excellent one-on-one time, plus your parents may seldom get to see you without your partner.
- Give your time, rather than “things”. Write down a list of activities you and your child enjoy together, and let your child choose one when a reward is in order.
- Bring a memento home from a business trip, but be aware that it need not to be an expensive present. The small soaps, shower caps, and shoe-cleaning cloths from hotels are always appreciated, as are airline magazines, plastic utensils from meals, and packets of sugar or condiments.
- Write notes or letters to your children if you must depart before they wake up.
Making play dates work
Play dates can occur with or without a second parent around. A child’s separation anxiety quotient will be your determine factor.
- Help your child select a playmate with similar interests (dinosaurs, babies, and so on) so they’ll be more likely to have fun.
- Planning one play date a week is usually sufficient.
- Take your child’s nap schedule into account. You may have to limit play dates to children who are on a similar nap schedule.
- Take preventive measures to minimize conflict by asking your child to put away hard-to-share toys. Take out duplicate toys, and ask your child to your child about sharing before playmates comes over.
- Start with a snack if children are coming from preschool or another group setting.
- Start playtime with one planned activity, and let them go from there.
- Have the children meet at a neutral setting, such as a park or a playground, if you don’t have the time or inclination to clean up at home.
- Try to keep your child’s siblings out of the play date activities, if possible.
- Limit play dates to an hour or two. (Start with half hour and build up.)
- Plan on takin your child’s playmate at home, if you can. Creating a good and timely end to play date can influence its success.
Rituals and it’s effect on child mentality during development
As I born and brought up in India and belongs to Hindu religious family, So I am mostly aware about the rituals, festivals, perceptions, ways of celebrations, traditions etc of my own religion. While explaining about Rituals and it’s effect on child mental capacity, I am referring towards my own rituals as exemplary. Readers may applied with their own religions. It may vary country to country and religions as well. Child will able to understand and follow as per their parental faith as well as followings. This includes the morality and ethics of life. It helps in carving out a great personality. Listed article is all about the norms and values for perfect and proper up-bringing.
Everyone is aware of the vastness of (Hinduism) Sanatan Dharma, one of the oldest religions of the world. Hinduism is a large set of different religions and beliefs that have been in place since ancient times. Whatever rules have been made for the life of a person in this religion. It also have a scientific basis. Like life is divided into four phrases. It is considered mandatory for a person to follow 16 types of rites. The credit for making these rules of life creates a special bonding in relations. From the birth of man till death, sixteen sacraments have been made and followed accordingly.
Kinds of rituals with moral Values
While defining the sacrament (Sanskar – multiplication of virtues and division of personality) , it’s a big bond of qualities. Correcting, removing defects and errors, generating positive thoughts in the mind, purifying oneself, enrichment, culture, courtesy, custom, religious acts, etc. are all part of the ritual. It is the consciousness of any religion, which teaches the living behaviours, those who believe in that religion. Rites are the hallmark of our religious and social life. There is a provision of 16 rites for Hindus. It is believed that following them increases the life living qualities. However, the number of rites is also different in different scriptures. Mystics have done research to make us cultured and social and then compiled the rules after seeing the results. Sixteen rites of Hinduism have also been recognised by physicians and scientists associated with social science and psychology.
Initially from the beginning, first rite is conception. This is the first rite of human life to attain worthy, quality and ideal children. It has been called the conception ceremony. After entering the household life, this rite has been recognised as the first duty. Parents desiring the best progeny should perform this ritual for their purity of body and mind for conception. Under this, before the birth of the child, the man and woman should measure their health and mental state. According to the rules, date, constellation etc., pregnancy should be done. So that the baby can be healthy.
Next Rite Pumsavan (quickening the fetus) Under this, it is kept in mind that on getting pregnant, an efforts done to prepare the future mother’s diet, ethics, behaviour, thinking, emotion, all good as well as properly balanced. Like good food, positive atmosphere, family blessings, etc. are very important. If the environment of the family is not positive after the birth of the baby, then it makes a difference on the mental development of the new life to come. Therefore, it is compulsory to have spiritual worship recitations, discourses, deeds etc. It is said that a pregnant woman should meditate on sacred texts like Gita, Ramayana (epics of ancient India) daily. With this, the thought system of the baby also develops very well.
The Third sacrament is – demarcation. This ritual is an extension of Pusvan. It literally means “marginal” meaning “hair and elevation” means “elevating”. This rite is performed in the sixth or eighth month of pregnancy. This is a kind of purification process of the womb. During this time the brain and heart of the child is developing. If the mother lives in an environment where good qualities, temperament and deeds are done, then it definitely has a positive effect on the brain formation of the baby. Referring to the epic of hinduism, It is said that the devotees used to teach Prabhalda’s mother Kayadhu to Devarshi Narada Bhagavad Bhakti. Prahlada had worn it while listening in the womb itself. Similarly, Yasaputra Shukdev had acquired all the knowledge in his mother’s womb.
Fourth sacrament can be said as caste work. After birth, there is a law to perform this rite before a newborn baby’s placenta (ie, cutting-up the placenta). For this, a mixture of two drops of desi-ghee (homemade butter) and six drops of honey is prepared. Which is chopped with the articulation of poetic hymns of their religions. After this, the mother breastfeeds the child. This entire process takes about 30 minutes. Scientists also believe that within 30 minutes of the birth of the child, She should be fed breast milk. Whereas, this rule has been written centuries ago.
Further the fifth Rite is better termed as – Nomenclature. It is a psychological fact that human beings are called by the name. It has a small feeling of the same kind. That is, the name has an effect on its nature. This is why people change their names when problems arise in life. So that, the negative impact can be reduced. Keeping this fact in mind, Muni (holy man ) do a naming ceremony. In which it is decided that the child’s qualitative names should be kept. The advantage of having a name according to the constellations or zodiac signs is that it helps to make a horoscope. Usually this rite is performed on the tenth day of birth. Prevention of purification of birth is also done on the same day.
Now while writing about the sixth Sacrament, as exodus which termed as eject. Even after the baby’s name is kept, it is kept with the mother for a few days. It includes the process of showing the light of the sun and moon to the newborn. Science also accepts that if the cold sunlight in the morning and the cool shadow of the moon falls on the newborn in the evening, then he is safe from serious diseases like jaundice, typhoid. Whereas, the logic of its first sages is to formulate a hypothesis to make the baby bright and polite. There is a way to perform this ritual in the fourth month of birth. For three months, the baby’s body is not suited to the external environment like strong sun, strong wind etc. In the fourth month, he is brought to the external environment and then gradually he becomes his primal.
Next is the seventh sacrament is of feeding with food ( Annaprashan ), In this rite, the child is feed with food items. Initially infant gets growth only by mothers milk. In the sixth month from birth, his Annaprashan is performed. In which food is to be kept in a silver bowl or plate. Generally feed with kheer (combination of rice and milk combinedly cooked and added sugar. When hot milk pudding is poured into the silver bowl, silver nutrients are added to it. Which are necessary to make the body strong.
Eighth Sacrament is performed as removal of hair’s ( Mundan ). It is specified as a law to perform this ritual in the first, third or fifth year of a child. The concern is to remove the unholy hair produced at birth and make the child sharp. During nine months of pregnancy, hair gets contaminated. Since the skin of the head is very soft at first, the hair can’t be removed. As soon as the baby reaches the age of one year or more, skin becomes little stronger. Many defects are eliminated by this ceremony. This ritual is performed with full chant. In which the day, date and time have special significance.
The Ninth sacrament is about ear-piercing. It isn’t only mandatory for daughters but also for sons. In scientific language it is called acupuncture. According to which acupuncture calms a person’s mind and helps in keeping heart rate normal. Whereas according to religious fact, diseases are removed and hearing power also increases.
While adding the tenth Sacrament of scholar, alumnus or student life. In the ancient times, when there was a tradition of residential school (Gurukul), the child was made aware of the letters in the house before sending them for schooling. Even today, on the day of Basant Panchami (festival that marks the preparation for the arrival of spring), the first letter is written by the child. As a popular belief, goddess Saraswati, who is said to be the deity of learning, music and art was born on this day and people worship her to achieve wisdom. It begin in the auspicious time and after that the child starts further studies.
Eleventh Sacrament is refer to the sacred cord ceremony or thread ceremony (upanayan). An initiation ceremony undergone by hindu boys over the age of seven, marking the start of their formal education. It can be defined as the ceremony of submission of the responsibility of the boy towards the teachers, who are considered as a holy performance. In this, the boy is worn with a thread. The sacred thread made of yarn that the particular wears above the left shoulder and below the right arm.
The next Rite numbered twelfths is can be defined as starting of knowledge ( Vedarambha ). it includes, about given knowledge of ( Vedas ) basics scriptures of hinduism. However, in today’s scenario it is almost over but some families have kept this tradition alive. It is very important to develop the child intellectually as well as mentally. It also helps in elaborating about the practical and spiritual progress is recognised. If the child is not aware of the Vedas in the skill, then it is the responsibility of the family to inform and teach about religion, culture, ethics, values etc. In the ancient times, before Vedarambha, Acharya used to promise about disciples and observe Brahmacharya fast, while living a moderate life. Also, after giving examination, they still used to study. During, this phrase, each student masters their own branch of knowledge in accordance to their lineage.
Thirteenth Rite is inclusive of cutting hairs ( Keshant )
This ritual was performed in front of teacher ( Acharya ) after completing Vedhyayana in Gurukul. However, now that the gurukul is not there, the importance of this ritual is going away. This sanskar is an undertaking to bid farewell to the Gurukul and enter the householder’s labor. In this, the hair is made for the first time, and after bathing becomes pure.
Fourteenth Rite is all about Inclusion. This means that the end of studentship and returning to home ( Brahmachari ) after psychologically preparation for the struggles of life. It involves a ritual sacrificial bath ( kind of bath which marks the end of long observance of bachelor ) . When the bath is performed after removal of hair’s, it comes under the ritual which is performed by the family to mark a person graduated and entering toward the new world of profession ( Samvartan Sanskar ). This bath was held with special meditative repetition of divine name. With this, the child gets permission to go to the marriage ceremony.
Fifteenth Rite is about to getting Married. After following all the above stated rites, they gets the right to start a family life by getting married. After the study, when the youth has the ability and maturity to carry out the social tradition. Only then it is made part of the responsibility of the family. In the specified culture, observing the fasting as bachelor for about the period of approx 25 years long is said to be mandatory. There are different types of marriages mentioned in scriptures
The final Sixteenth Rite is about Cremation. It is customary to burn his dead body in funeral pyre after the death of someone. This process is called the funeral procession or funeral rites. According to Hinduism, only the son has the right to offer fire to the father and mother. However, now social change is begin and daughters are also performing the last rites. Under the last rites, it is mandatory to do different deeds for few days.
Quick note and popular phrases of Ramayana with inclusive of few rites as mention ahead in this article.
Before splending ahead, I heartily welcome, and greet – The Prime Minister of India (name of a country), Shri Narendra Modi ji, The revered Sarsanghchalak of the Union, Shri Mohan Bhagwat ji, The Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, India, Yogi Aaditya Nath ji, etc. Who has come to perform the Bhumi Pujan for the construction of Shri Ram Temple, a symbol of the faith of the countrymen in Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Ayodhya. I also congratulate all the noblemen, who have come to witness of this historic moment.
Shri Ram ji ( God ) isn’t of any particular community (dharma) or religion. Millions people fought and lost their lives for the Ram Ji’s temple for the last 500 years to till date, crores of crore non-political Hindus all over the world are also giving their contribution to build this temple. And are waiting with full heart for its creation, which many people from generations been dreaming from many years long.
The temple of Lord Rama will built-up in Ayodha ( name of Place in India ) This temple is being built of Hindu identity which was being trampled for hundreds of years, of Hindu self-respect. Which was constantly being hurt, the dignity and pride of liberal Hindus. Who were brutally crushed by the terrorists. This temple is a symbol of Hindu renaissance, a proclamation of Hindu revival. It also indicates the resurrection of Hindu self-confidence. The ancient setting is the confirmation of the rise of Hindu civilisation. This temple is a tribute to millions of Hindu-Sikh-Jain-Buddhist sacrifices. This temple is of the Supreme Father Goddess Shri Rama who existed in the heart of every Hindu and their belief.
Goddess Shri Ram ji an unborn, eternal, divine nature, Brahman, the whole world is their temple, they are seated everywhere, in the moon, stars, sun, earth, sky, space, animal, beings, flowers, leaves and particles in the world. They are all over Ayodhya and other temples. Lord Rama achieved success by controlling the situation even in odd circumstances, he always followed the Vedas and Maryada. They supported justice and truth by compromising their own happiness. As mentioning further about the qualities of Lord Rama that made his life successful and those qualities of Shri Rama that made him be called Maryada Purushottam.
Tolerant and patience are the main qualities of Lord Rama. Despite being the king of Ayodhya, Shri Ram spread his life like a monk. This shows his tolerance. Lord Rama always as kind hearted. He took pity on everyone under his patronage. He empowered everyone to lead. Giving the kingdom to Sugriva is a reflection of his compassionate nature. Lord Rama always spreaded equality among every caste as well as every class. Shri Rama fulfilled every relationship with heart. Even though, his friendly behaviour despited to be faced many problems.
Superior leadership ability. Lord Rama was a skilled steward. He was not taking anybody with him. It was only because of the superior leadership of Lord Rama, also displayed a sense of sacrifices, dedication as well as affection for all. For this reason, while going to exile of Lord Rama, Lakshman ji (lord Rama’s brother) also went with him to the forest. Not only this, Bharat served the public by keeping Ramji’s footstool on the throne keeping in mind the values of Lord Rama, despite getting the Rajapat in the absence of Shri Rama.
Every person wants to touch the dimensions of success in his life, but not every person is able to succeed in it. Some people climb the stairs of success. To achieve success or become a successful ruler, boss, team leader, one must possess many qualities. We can learn many qualities from the character of Lord Shri Ram, which will help to touch the dimensions of success. Lord Sri Rama was an avatar of Vishnu himself. He had immense powers, but he never misused it. Despite being the best, he used the bow arrow in accordance to the circumstances. His life was very limited, thus also know and interpreted as Purushottam Rama.
Prabhu Ram always walked on the right path and showed humility. In the same way, we should also do everything by being restrained. So that no one can termed us wrong. Wherever you are in any area, people judge you by your work. Prabhu Shri Ram always took everyone along. A successful boss is not the one who gives orders, a good or successful leader is the one who boosts everyone’s morale and gives everyone a chance to prove themselves at their best.
Further Goddess Ram ji spread the message for good livelihood as – obey everyone’s advice and even handed the responsibility of leadership to others in accordance with the time frame. Ram ji completed every task with a plan. Lord Shri Ram also killed Ravana with complete planning. Otherwise it was not easy to kill him. We also need to start planning and start every work. So that we can succeed. Unplanned work is embedded with obstacles/hurdles and also the work remains incomplete in between. Planning is essential to achieve your goal. A successful leader identifies the qualifications, talent, capability as well as specialisation of team members, Prabhu Shri Ram assigns the task to everyone according to their ability and they succeed in every task. He also assigned many tasks to increase efficiency of many people.
Ethical outcome – those who had the same nature, they were engrossed with joviality and delighted.
About peer pressure
The peer pressure sometime raised so high and end up as life threatening for particular. Parents need to be alert and timely verify so than they can protect children from such situations as – negligence, exploitation, abuse, violence or any other risk at home or in the society while paying full attention to their health and safety. Child protection is also require as providing support and rehabilitation to the child in the event, that he has become a victim of an unusual burden. If we do not protect our children, they will face risks such as death, permanent disability, poor physical and mental health, educational problems, displacement and isolation of homes.
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What are the risky sphere that children should be protected from? Some of the most risky situations that children need to be protected are child labor, child marriage, child trafficking, child sexual abuse, corporal punishment, neglect and abusive children for violating the abandonment law. Or harassment or neglect of HIV infected or afflicted children for crimes committed by elders of their family. There are many traditional incidents against children in different parts of the country which are cruel to children and endanger their lives. On many occasions, children lose their lives even due to superstitions spread in the society.
According to experts, since childhood, the effect of social conformity arises. Generally, there is more pressure in them aged of approx. 11-15 years, but parents do not understand this pressure. It also has a positive effect, which leads to the development of extra-curricular activities. But in today’s changing environment, collective impact has few negative phrase as well, such as class bunking, lying to parents, stealing, smoking etc. So to secure kids from such a negative phrase, Parents need to verify and tackle, If children are under peer pressure.
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What causes peer pressure ?
Stress in children is also like tension in adults, but their reasons may be different. There is a different kind of phrases around children which has a right and wrong effect on them. They can face such scenario anywhere at home, school, tuition, play ground etc. At this time, changes in their lives also develop very fast. In such a situation, it is difficult to say which thing becomes the reason for such scenarios. Also it impacts the performance of the child and his mind is always depressed.
Fighting with friends – Friendship is a beautiful relationship and what to say about childhood friendship. Any cracks in it can spoil one’s mood. Often few share their talk with friends only. Children friends are also very important for them. In such a situation, fighting with friends can bring them to community sentiment.
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Nerve racking atmosphere at home – If there is a grievous atmosphere in the house, it is natural for the child to come oppressively. In today’s changing lifestyle and rapidly growing cities, the credibility of relationships is decreasing and divorce cases are increasing. Due to poor relationship between husband and wife, their children also get affected and traumatic conditions are increasing. While Spending more time on gadgets, like TV, computer and mobiles have become a part of most people’s lives and children are also spending more time in them. Because of this their physical activity has decreased. Nowadays children are paying attention in these gadgets compared to sports, which leads them to loneliness atmosphere. How to detect tension in children.
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Positives effects of peer pressure
- Get inspiration for education.
- Students try to remain regular by leaving late in school.
- The academic performance of the students becomes good.
- Inspire to participate in sports, courses and extracurricular activities in school. But sometimes classmate friends can also have the wrong effect due to which children become victims of wrong things. In such a situation, at times parents also become aggressive on the children with stress and if the parents try to force the children, then it has the opposite effect and the children also become aggressive while talking to their parents. They start hiding and lying about their concerns also become habitual of the same.
How to protect school students from peer pressure? It is a matter of contemplation. Actually it isn’t wrong if any mistakes or errors done by children, Wrong it will be if nothing learned from those mistakes.
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Negative effects of peer pressure
- Attracting beauty and fashion tips.
- Inappropriate consumption of medicines to reduce weight or health.
- Engaging in adult relationships.
- Copying or cheating in the examination.
- Bad habit of running away from school or class.
- Consumption of drugs.
- The habit of drinking in children under 18 years of age.
- Getting used to smoking or eating tobacco.
- Withdraw money stolen from parents’ pockets. Many children bring a lot of pocket money from home.
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Unique guide to deal and treat peer pressure
If your child is in tension, find ways to overcome it immediately. As soon as you hear the tension of children, execute further as –
Spend time together
Parents should spend time with their children. Children are the closest to their parents and want to spend some quality time with them. Parents should give them time until the children grow up. let’s be friend – Some parents scold children for minor mistakes. They only impose their decisions without listening to any of their views. This creates a feeling of fear from parents in the minds of children, due to which they are afraid to say their things. Parents also need to be friends of their children so that they share all their things with them. If there is any untoward incident in the school or outside with the child or something that brings him into tension, listen to him patiently and try to understand. In such a situation, scolding children can prove fatal.
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Do not put pressure
Parents often try to keep children at the forefront. Due to this expectation, they keep asking the children to come first and again, due to which the child becomes a victim of mental pressure. In such a situation, parents should understand that every human has different abilities. Parents should not put any kind of pressure on children to top the exams, games and other activities. They should encourage children to participate. Then the child loses or wins, he should be convinced that he is with his child in every condition. This brings confidence in the child and he also performs better by being tension free. Do your mind. It is also necessary to give freedom to children, but this does not mean that they are allowed to do anything unnecessarily. Giving freedom to children means that they understand what they want to do in their career and help in giving right direction. Apart from giving the children the right to take some decisions, they start thinking themselves important.
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Create a happy atmosphere
If the child is tensed, then it can be reduced by making the environment around him happy. First of all, it should be noted that the atmosphere in the house should be cordial. Even if she is still under stress, the parents should look at the atmosphere of school, tuition and other places where the child has to go daily. If something is wrong, take immediate action. Change the routine/If the child is in tension, parents should immediately start trying to get him out of that condition. For this, you can pursue him in an activity like dance class, swimming etc. Can take for outing. Changing the routine in this way will divert attention and reduce tension.
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Go to psychiatrist. Often people do not go to psychiatrists for tension because they start going madly to psychiatrists. This is a misconception. It is not crazy to consult a psychiatrist. If the tension is not over, take the child to the psychiatrist. Psychiatrists often control the situation through counseling. This counseling is also given to the parents along with the child. This results in rapid improvement in the child. Difference between psychiatrist and psychologist. Often people get confused between psychiatry and psychologists and do not understand who to go under tension conditions. Psychiatrist cures mental illnesses with drugs while psychologist tests counseling, psycho therapy, IQ test, personality test etc. In the event of tension, the cognitive behavior works. Psychiatry or psychologist can also be reached to anyone if there is pressurization atmosphere.
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How does peer pressure affect a child ?
Let us know – Ignoring the pain is the uncertainty of life, the struggle in the present and the shattered future absolutely breaks the students or children. Since coming first in class, the pressure to be active in cultural and artistic activities takes away from students their natural talent. Not only this, they want to perform despite being injured, just because they want to be the best. Just ignoring the pain can be dangerous for their mental health in future.
When children are not able to perform well due to this pressure, then lack of emotional support and parental nature hurts their self-esteem. Because of this many children take some unusual steps and generates many terrifying situations. The stress of admission to the best colleges and institutes or the pressure to get a good number makes the children study till late night and as a result they suffer from mental depression due to which they don’t have proper sleep. Lack of sleep affects both their physical and mental health.
Instead of learning when the fear of mimicry focuses on achievement, children look for easier ways and undefined as well as unusual short-cuts to achieve success.
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Whether it is a small child or a big one, they doesn’t consider any harm in copying, even few invest money for cheating. In mutual competition, children do not hesitate to cheat their friends. This is a wrong trend, which can become dangerous later. The risk of suicide sometime get raised, but it is wrong to makes child a machine in the name of studies. One thing that children are most afraid of today is the fear of failure. Fear of not meeting expectations may also force them to take some wrong steps. According to the survey on an average one student is embracing death every hour. One of the main reasons for this is the expectation of better performance in the exam.
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Positive phrase about pressure on few children
The battle of self-esteem has become an indispensable standard of today’s performance. While ‘peer pressure’ mostly affects in a negative way, it can also be positive, that is, the pressure exerted by our old friends can be for the wrong things, in the same way it can sometimes hit you or your friends. Can also make a good impression. ‘Peer pressure’ means work done under the influence of our old friends, which can be negative, it can be beneficial as well, as if you are very fond of reading, then you may have read your own.
One can impress old friends by telling them about good books and then they will also start reading good books after getting influenced. In the same way, one may also become very good in sports or studies, influenced by friends and become better in sports or studies like them. That is, if anybody want, than peer pressure can be adopted in its good form. It will make better in every task for learning good things and also for healthy competition.
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Proper guidelines, along with mental support
- Be friendly with them, so that they share their every thing with you.
Instead of punishing child when they make a mistake, explain them with love.
- Develop positive thinking and habit of sharing with behavior of be honestly.
- Promote their creativity. Encourage them to participate in creative activities.
- Praise them by winning a contest, encourage them by rewarding them.
- Keep complete information about his friends.
- When there is a change in the behaviour of child, immediately meet their teachers and friends. Chat with them in detail about this.
- Teach them to say ‘no’ politely rather than being under pressure from friends.
- Tell some ways to avoid social stress.
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‘As per teenager’s wish one could say, Mummy-Dad, I am your child, not a robot.’ Therefore, it is most important that the parents be motivated to do well in studies, not to be intimidated. When it comes to the mental state of children, negativity and negative behavior are evident from their activities. Repeated illness of the child is a common symptom of stress. In the case of teenagers, stress caused by excessive pressure creates a state of rebellion and the child becomes a victim of depression.